Reentry and Integration Division
Program gives inmates, babies a good start together
12:00 AM CDT on Sunday, July 11, 2010
Allan Turner, Staff Writer
HOUSTON – Placid, sweet-natured, Heaven is a "little package of joy." Only 5 weeks old, she exudes infant charm. Dumpling cheeks dominate her face. A tuft of black hair crowns her tiny head. Her baby eyes glow with the wisdom of the ages.
Kristy Winburne, Heaven's mother, notices such things. Doing a 6-month state jail stint for theft, she has time to notice such things.
Winburne, 30, calls her situation "a blessing."
Until April, her fate – and that of her baby – would have been much different. She would have given birth, the infant handed to a foster parent, and Winburne again locked up to serve her time.
Winburne and Heaven, though, are reveling in the life of BAMBI – the Baby and Mother Bonding Initiative of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Mandated by the 80th Texas Legislature, the program gives select state jail inmates the chance to live and bond with their newborns.
Operated out of the Santa Maria Hostel, a northeast Houston facility for troubled women, the program offers young mothers life skills and substance abuse counseling, classes leading to a GED, and a crash course in parenting.
The idea, said Santa Maria chief executive Kay Austin, is to give the baby a wholesome start and the mother an incentive to stay straight.
"Our concern has been with the ability of the mother to form a bond with the baby, but that's not our only concern," Austin said. "The child – that's the big issue here. When you have a child with an attachment disorder, you've got people going through TDCJ again and again. We're trying to break that cycle."
Becky Price, deputy director of the department's rehabilitation programs division, said the state's program is patterned after a similar effort at a Fort Worth federal prison. At its core, the program, which is supported by the University of Texas Medical Branch and other organizations, strives to instill a sense of responsibility in women who previously acted irresponsibly.
A typical day
"This is the 'aha' moment in terms of learning and accepting responsibility," said UT Medical Branch's BAMBI program manager Liz Moore. "It's a very positive time in a woman's life."
A typical day, Moore said, starts early with a group session at which the women – six currently are in the program, two others have been released – set goals for the day. The women are required to compose a written plan for meeting short- and long-term goals. Except for brief periods, the care of the infants is in their hands.
BAMBI participants typically have been convicted of crimes such as forgery, theft and minor drug offenses. As such, they are assessed sentences of two years or less and remanded to a state jail, Price said. In late February, the most recent month for which records are available, 65 of the state's 11,007 female prisoners were pregnant.
Women guilty of violent crimes, sex offenses or arson are not eligible for BAMBI. Program coordinators generally choose women who are scheduled to be released within six months.
"We give them as many resources as we can," Moore said. "They leave here with Medicaid, with WIC in place, with birth certificates applied for. We try to give them as much support as we can before they get out and try to figure it out for themselves."